The term "Silicon Valley", known worldwide, refers to a business region densely populated with "high tech" companies.
Silicon Valley describes the region in Northern California that almost overnight spawned
a myriad of companies based on computers, electronics components, software, research, venture
capital and all aspects of the technology industry's infrastructure.
The actual term "Silicon Valley" owes its popularization to the late Don Hoefler, a city of
Santa Clara engineer and editor of Microelectronics News, who began using the insider's phrase in trade journal articles in 1971.
The high technology boom and silicon chip based semiconductor industry were born in Santa
Clara County, California, around the city of San Jose during the 1960s.
Silicon Valley's boundaries are generally considered to run from San Mateo to the north,
the Santa Cruz Mountains to the west, San Francisco Bay/Diablo Mountains to the east, and Morgan Hill just south of San Jose.
San Jose, the largest city in the region, has been described as the "Capital of Silicon Valley."
It serves as the world headquarters to high tech companies such as Adobe and Cisco Systems and is close to dozens
of technology stalwarts such as Hewlett-Packard, Apple, Intel and National Semiconductor.
If there's one visitor attraction that best reflects "Silicon Valley," it's the Tech Museum of Innovation in downtown San Jose.
The Tech, as it's known for short, is not so much a museum as it is a theme park for your brain.