Major Area Attractions
Old State Capitol.
The Old State Capitol, built in 1837, is considered a perfect example of
Greek Revival architecture, as well as one of the most historic buildings
west of the Alleghenies. The rooms are furnished in the period of 1840 to 1860,
with many objects relating to famous people who frequented the building, such as
Stephen A. Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, and Ulysses S. Grant.
It was here on June 6, 1858, that Lincoln delivered his famous “House Divided Speech.”
After Lincoln’s assassination in 1865, his body lay in state in the House of Representatives.
The painting of George Washington behind the dais is one of nine artifacts known to have been in the original building.
Built in 1833, the Edwards Place is the oldest house on its original site in
Springfield and is currently a historical museum, art gallery, art school and library. The house contains many furnishings and decorative pieces typical of a fine Victorian house of the 1800s. Abraham Lincoln gave several political speeches from the porch balcony, while the spacious grounds provided the perfect setting for political rallies at which both Lincoln and Stephen Douglas spoke.
The Illinois Executive Mansion has the distinction of being the third oldest
continuously occupied Governor’s Mansion in the Nation. The mansion's exterior, designed by architect John Mills VanOsdel, is in the Georgian style with a Victorian facade. Thomas Dennis designed the Greek Revival interior. Seven U.S. presidents have been received here and several men who either had been or would become president have been guests, including Abraham Lincoln. The Executive Mansion is a museum, containing many priceless works of art, including the Lincoln Table, created in 1864 from more than 20,000 pieces of inlaid wood, and a smiling bust of Abraham Lincoln for which he posed for artist Thomas D. Jones. The Mansion is also a home filled with the memories of the lives and families of many Illinois governors and those who came to visit.
The Old State Capitol, built in 1837