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Indianapolis' History

The General Assembly approved site selected by the commissioners and adopted the name of Indianapolis on January 6. Corydon continued as state capital until 1825.

Indianapolis became the state capital of Indiana.

The National Road, U.S. 40, was routed through Indianapolis.

The Central Canal on the White River was built to provide a transportation link for factories, papermills and sawmills. Today, because of a $15 million renovation, the "Canal Walk" is a gardenlike oasis with fountains, antique-style street lamps, walkways and jogging paths.

A railroad was built and became the first to have all of its lines meet in one union station. Because of the railroad, Indianapolis was designated as the "Crossroads of America."

City Market was established as a marketplace for vendors offering produce, meat, baked goods, flowers, imported foods and coffee. Today, the City Market is listed as a National Historic Landmark.

The 284-foot Soldiers' & Sailors' Monument, the first monument in the country to honor the common soldier, was dedicated.

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway (IMS) was built. This 2 1/2 - mile oval racetrack is home to the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race and the IMS Hall of Fame Museum.

The inaugural Indianapolis 500-Mile Race was held. That event is now the largest single-day sporting event in the world.

The Children's Museum of Indianapolis, now the largest of its kind in the world, opened.

Richard G. Lugar (now a U.S. Senator) began serving eight years as mayor of Indianapolis.

Indianapolis merged with surrounding Marion County to form a consolidated governmental structure called Unigov.

The first Indiana Black Expo Summer Celebration (IBE) was held at the Indiana State Fairgrounds. The event is now the largest and longest running exposition of its kind in the nation celebrating African-American culture and heritage.

The $26.1 million Indiana Convention Center opened. The 5,200-acre Eagle Creek Park, one of the nation's largest, was formally dedicated. Indiana Repertory Theatre, the city's first professional theater, was founded.

The $23.5 million Market Square Arena, home of the NBA Indiana Pacers, opened.

William. H. Hudnut, III, began serving an unprecedented 16 consecutive years as mayor.

The first Quadrennial International Violin Competition of Indianapolis was held. This event has become the richest string competition in the world. The $2.5 million Major Taylor Velodrome, a bicycle racing track, opened.

USA Gymnastics (formerly the United States Gymnastics Federation) relocated to Indianapolis from Fort Worth, Texas. 1984
The $77.5 million RCA Dome (formerly the Hoosier Dome) opened as an expansion to the Indiana Convention Center. The NFL Colts moved to Indianapolis from Baltimore, MD. The first Circle City Classic football game -- the country's second largest college bowl game between two historically black colleges -- pitted the Mississippi Valley State Delta Devils against the Grambling Tigers at the RCA Dome. The Hudson Institute, one of America's foremost "think tanks," relocated from New York to Indianapolis. Circle Theatre, a 1916 movie palace, was renovated and became the permanent home of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra. The building is now called the Hilbert Circle Theatre.

The Indianapolis Heliport opened. It is the only full service downtown heliport in the United States.

America's first union railway depot, Union Station, re-opened as a festival marketplace.

The 10th Pan American Games were held. The event brought 4,453 athletes from 38 countries to Indianapolis. The regatta course at Eagle Creek Park was built. This is one of only two courses in the U.S. sanctioned for international competition.




Document Information
Source: Indianapolis CVB; magazineUSA.com
Last modified: 20070712
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