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Crater Lake

More than 7,000 years ago a violent eruption blew the top off of Mount Mazama, creating Oregon's most famous natural wonder – Crater Lake.

With depths of 1,932 feet (589 meters), this is the deepest lake in the United States (seventh deepest in the world).

Established in 1902, Crater Lake National Park is Oregon's only national park. The park is open year-round; however, winter access and services are limited due to heavy snow. (Crater Lake receives 533 inches/1,354 centimeters of snow annually.) The restored Crater Lake Lodge is open mid-May through mid-October. Seasonal activities include cross-country skiing,guided snowshoeing expeditions, hiking, camping and boat tours of the lake.

Crater Lake has inspired people for hundreds of years. No place else on earth combines a deep, pure lake, so blue in color; sheer surrounding cliffs, almost two thousand feet high; two picturesque islands; and a violent volcanic past. It is a place of immeasurable beauty, and an outstanding outdoor laboratory and classroom.

Crater Lake is located in Southern Oregon on the crest of the Cascade Mountain range, 100 miles (160 km) east of the Pacific Ocean. It lies inside a caldera, or volcanic basin, created when the 12,000 foot (3,660 meter) high Mount Mazama collapsed 7,700 years ago following a large eruption.

Wizard Island in Summer
Wizard Island in Summer

Hillman Peak



Document Information
Source: Portland Oregon Visitors Association, magazineUSA.com
Last modified: 20080804
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