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South Carolina

Charleston Timeline

1670 Charles Town, the capital city of Carolina, is founded. The city was located across the Ashley River from its present location.

1690 Charles Town is moved to the site of present day Charleston. With a bustling population of 1200, the city was the fifth largest in North America.

1700 The city of Charles Town has grown into a major trading center. Plantations begin to appear along the rivers.

1712 The territory of Carolina is divided into North and South. Each territory will have its own governor.

1718 The pirate Blackbeard arrives in Charles Town harbor with four ships. He proceeds to take hostages for ransom.

1721 South Carolina becomes a royal colony.

1774 Local resident, Henry Middleton becomes President of the Continental Congress.

1776 The first major naval battle takes place in the waters off Fort Moultrie. A fleet of eleven British warships and a battalion of 1500 troops unsuccessfully try to take Fort Moultrie.

1780 Charles Town surrenders to the British beginning a two and a half year period of occupation. Charles Town was considered the greatest prize of the Revolutionary War.

1783 The city of Charles Town is officially incorporated and permanently adopts the name Charleston.

1860 The Ordinance of Secession proclaiming South Carolina an independent commonwealth is ratified in Charleston's Institute Hall.

1861 Confederate troops fire on Fort Sumter sounding the first shots of the Civil War.

1886 An earthquake estimated to be a 7.5 on the Richter scale strikes Charleston resulting in 83 deaths and six million dollars in damages.

1925 A new dance begins in Charleston's pubs and dance halls and is soon named "The Charleston".

1977 The first Spoleto Festival USA is held.

1982 The construction of Charleston Place sets off a building and rehabilitation boom in downtown Charleston.

1989 Hurricane Hugo hits Charleston. Seventy-five per cent of the homes in Charleston's historic district are damaged and eighty per cent of the homes on Sullivan's Island and Folly Beach are either damaged or destroyed. The total price tag for the disaster reaches 2.8 billion dollars. Hugo prompted a huge resurgence of restoration and rebuilding and Charleston is now more beautiful than ever.

1995 Clive Cussler announces that he and his crew have discovered the wreck of the Confederate submarine, the H.L. Hunley off of the coast of Sullivan's Island.

 In 1925 a new dance begins in Charleston's pubs and dance halls and is soon named 'The Charleston'.
In 1925 a new dance begins in Charleston's pubs and dance halls and is soon named 'The Charleston'



Document Information
Source: SCPRT
Last modified: 20070505
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