September 16th, Diez y Seis de Septiembre
On September 16th, 1810, the Catholic priest Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla of the town of Dolores, Mexico, felt that the time had come that Mexico should belong again to Mexicans and called for the end of the Spanish governance.
Even there were other revolution ambitions among the Mexicans and indians before, this call was different. Hidalgo was a respected, tolerant, popular and well educated man and he understood that the revolution could only lead to success when all possible forces would pull on the same string.
"Mexicanos, viva Mexico" - with this message Hidalgo approached Mexicans and as well the powerful Indian movement. This message became history under the name 'The cry of Dolores' (El Grito de Dolores) and Hidalgo became the initiator of the rebellion against the Spanish conquerors which let eventually to the Independence of the Republic of Mexico.
In 1825 the 16th of September became official National Independence Day in Mexico.