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Alaska

Alaska Facts

Size Alaska’s 570,373 square miles is one-fifth the size of the continental U.S. and over twice the size of Texas.

Mountains Of the nation’s 20 highest peaks, 17 are in Alaska. That includes the legendary Denali (former Mount McKinley), the tallest mountain in North America at 20,320 feet. Denali is the tallest mountain in the world from base to peak.

Glaciers Alaska has an estimated 100,000 glaciers, which cover almost five percent of the state. There are more active glaciers in Alaska than in the rest of the inhabited world.

Pipeline The Trans-Alaska Pipeline transports approximately 1.8 million barrels of oil a day from the North Slope to the port of Valdez in Prince William Sound. Oil moves at a rate of five to seven miles per hour and takes under six days to travel the 800 miles from Prudhoe Bay to tankers in the port of Valdez.
The Trans-Alaska Pipeline has transported over 13 billion barrels of oil from the North Slope to the port of Valdez in Prince William Sound since its completion on May 31, 1977. Oil moves at a rate of 5.5 miles per hour and takes under six days to travel to tankers in the port of Valdez.

Time Zones Alaska has its own time zone, which is one hour earlier than Pacific Time. The westernmost Aleutian Islands are on Hawaii-Aleutian Time, two hours earlier than Pacific Time.

Alaska Marine Highway System Alaskan ferries travel a route covering 3,500 miles and serving 30 Alaskan ports.

Bald Eagles The largest known concentration of bald eagles, over 3,000, converges near Haines from October through January to feed on late run salmon in the Chilkat River.

Water Alaska has 3 million lakes, over 3,000 rivers and more coastline (47,300 miles) than the entire continental United States.

Parklands Alaska has 15 National Parks, Preserves and Monuments, and 3.2 million acres of State Park lands.

Lake Hood located in Anchorage, is the world’s busiest floatplane base. It averages 800 takeoffs and landings on a peak summer day.

Snow The state’s record snowfall in a single season was recorded at Thompson Pass north of Valdez in 1952-53 at 974.5 inches.

The nation’s two largest national forests are located in Alaska. The Tongass in Southeast includes 16.8 million acres, and the Chugach in Southcentral has 4.8 million acres.

Lakes There are more than three million lakes in Alaska. Lake Illiamna in Southwest Alaska is the second largest freshwater lake in the U.S.

Nearly three-quarters of Alaska sport fishing is done in the Southcentral region of the state where most of the state’s population resides.

Volcanoes Alaska is home to 80 percent of all the active volcanoes in the U.S.

Dutch Harbor/Unalaska is the number one producing commercial fishing port in the nation.

Wildlife Alaska has 12 species of big game, including moose, caribou, black bear, Dall sheep, musk ox, wolverine, brown bear, wolf, mountain goat, black-tailed deer and elk.

Temperature The highest temperature ever recorded in Alaska was 100° at Fort Yukon in 1915, and the lowest recorded temperature was -80° at Prospect Creek Camp in 1971.

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Mendenhall Glacier is just 13 miles outside downtown Juneau
Mendenhall Glacier is just 13 miles outside downtown Juneau

Brown Bear in Alaska
Brown Bear in Alaska

   
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Source: Alaska TIA; magazineUSA.com & magazinUSA.com
Last modified: 20070909
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