'The Yellowhammer State'
The name Alabama has been derived from the name of the Indian tribe "Alibamu", meaning "brush gatherers".
The nickname Yellowhammer State originated during the Civil War between
1861-1865 when soldiers wore during a parade an uniform with glaring yellow
stripes. The spectators were reminded of a bird with same stripes under
the wings: the Yellowhammer Bird.
From now on the soldiers had their nickname and later the state as well.
Source: photos: The Alaska Department of Parks and Tourism