... including Creek and Cherokee, Georgia was established by the British in 1733 when
General James Edward Oglethorpe and English colonists landed on the coast and settled what is now Savannah, the nation's first planned city.
The state was named in honor of King George II of England. Georgia later became the final of the original 13 American colonies. After the
Revolutionary War, on January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the new United States Constitution.
Native American History
From the Cherokee to the Etowah, the Kolomoki to the Chehaw, the many Native American tribes that settled in or traveled through Georgia have left their impressions on the state. The Etowah Indian Mounds Historic Site in Cartersville protects six earthen mounds-the largest of which covers three acres- on which leaders’ temples once stood, as well as a plaza, village area and defensive ditch. Near Blakely, the Kolomoki Mounds State Historic Park consists of seven earthen mounds built by Swift Creek and Weeden Island Indians. The New Echota Cherokee Capital State
Historic Site in Calhoun offers tours of the 1825 Cherokee national capital, including the supreme courthouse, council house, missionary home print shop for the bilingual Cherokee Phoenix and Van’s Tavern.
Civil War History
Made famous by Margaret Mitchell’s Gone With the Wind, Georgia’s Civil War history is evident throughout the state.. The Blue and Gray trail, which extends from Chattanooga to Atlanta, highlights some of the most preserved land and battle sites of the 1860s. The Blue and Gray Museum in Fitzgerald features a rare collection of Civil War battle relics and the “Roll Call of the States” that is a mecca for both Union and
Confederate descendants across this nation. The city’s Evergreen Cemetery contains the burial site of William J. Bush, the oldest Confederate veteran in Georgia; Jerome Moss, Gen. William T.Sherman’s drummer boy; Lewis Clute, credited with capturing Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy and John C.Buckley, Civil War Medal of Honor recipient for gallantry in the charge of the “volunteer storming party.
The Andersonville Civil War Village, once the arrival point for the Andersonville Prison’s Union inmates, features a collection of Civil War uniforms, artifacts and a
Working pioneer farm. The Smithsonian-a affiliated Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History demonstrates the locomotive’s impact on history and includes the famous Civil War-era locomotive. The General. The Port Columbus National Civil War Museum displays the remains of two original Confederate Navy ships and reconstruction’s of three other ships, including the U.S.S. Monitor, and features the nation’s only Civil War ironclad combat simulator.
As the birthday of Jimmy Carter and refuge to Franklin D. Roosevelt, Georgia is dotted with presidential folklore. FDR built his vacation home in Warm Springs for it’s therapeutic waters and died there in 1945 while posing for a portrait; the unfinished piece is on display in the den of his “Little White House.” The site also features a museum, FDR’s cars, restored pools and other novel depictions of FDR and his life. Plains, home of 39th president of the United States and Nobel Laureate Jimmy Carter, is full of history and charm. Many attractions center on the life of President Carter, including his boyhood farm, his high school that is now a museum and visitor center and the Plains depot, where he launched his campaign for the White House.