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Vermont's History

On January 17, 1777, Vermont was declared an independent republic in a meeting held at Westminster. This independent course, with the little republic minting its own coin and providing postal service, was followed until 1791 when Vermont was admitted to the union, the first state to join the original thirteen. The first governor was Thomas Chittenden.

After playing an important role in the American Revolution, Vermont resisted the advances of the neighboring colonies and declared itself an independent Republic in 1777. Fourteen years later it was the first state to join the original 13.

Famous Vermonters

Calvin Coolidge, 30th President, was sworn in by lamplight in his Vermont home at 2:47 a.m. August 3, 1923, following the death of President Warren G. Harding. Chester A. Arthur, 21st President, was born at Fairfield. Justin Smith Morrill, U.S. Senator, championed legislation that started the nation's land grand colleges.

Firsts in the Nation

State admitted to the Union after the ratification of the Constitution was Vermont on March 4, 1791. Constitution to outlaw slavery was Vermont's in 1777. Constitution to abolish the requirement that voters must be property owners was Vermont's in 1777.

The Statehouse

In 1805, Montpelier was made the permanent seat of government by the Legislature. The first State House was a three-story, 10 sided wooden building. The legislators had plank seats with wooden backs. It deteriorated and became overcrowded and was torn down in 1836.

The Constitution House, Windsor VT
The Constitution House, Windsor VT



Document Information
Source: Vermont Dept. of Toursim & Marketing
Last modified: 20070515
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